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  1. Fundamentals of steelmaking metallurgy, Brahma Deo and Rob Boom, Prentice Hall International, London , 1993.

  2. Modeling and simulation in iron and steel making B.Deo, D. Mazumdar and N.Chakraborti, Revista Escola de Minas , Brazil 1998


  1. Ladle Metallurgy Principles and Practices, R.J.Fruehan, TMS-AIME Publication, U.S.A. 1986 (contributed a chapter on :Theoretical and laboratory studies on injection phenomena, co-authors: S. Ohguchi and D.G.C. Robertson), 67-78.

  2. Tundish metallurgy- a solution or limitation to clean steel, J. van der Stel, M.C.M.Cornellison, B.Deo and R.Boom, Tundish Metallurgy,
    Vol II, AIME, 1990

  1. Blast furnace computer control Brahma Deo and R.H. Tupkary, Tool and alloy steels Annual Number (1969) 35-4O (an invited contribution).

  2. Impact of burden preparation on Blast furnace performance Brahma Deo and R.H. Tupkary, Eastern Metals Review November (1969) 75-85 (an invited contribution).

  3. Technology of iron powder production Brahma Deo and P.M.Prasad, Banaras Meallurgist, 2 (1969) 1-6 (an invited contribution).

  4. Determination of oxygen content of molten metals with the help of solid electrolytes Brahma Deo and V.B. Tare, Journal of Scie-ntific and Industrial Research, 30 (1971) 465-472.

  5. Preparation and properties of high purity iron powder from Indigenous mill scale Brahma Deo and P.M. Prasad, Trans. IIM, 26 (1973) 21-24.

  6. Thermodynamic investigation on system CaO-FeO V.B. Tare and Brahma Deo, Proceedings Fourth International Conference on Chemical Thermodynamics, August 26-3O, III/18, 1975, Montpellier , Published by CNRM, Paris , France , 1O4-113.

  7. Free energy of formation of barium ferrites Brahma Deo and V.B. Tare, Metallurgical Transactions, 7(B) (1976) 4O5-4O9.

  8. Determination of free energy of formation of barium chromate Brahma Deo and V.B. Tare, Materials Research Bulletin, 11 (1976) 1-7.

  9. Thermodynamic stability of barium zirconates Brahma Deo and V.B. Tare, Materials Research Bulletin, 11 (1976) 65-72.

  10. Aspects of thermodynamics of deoxidization of molten steel with silicon, manganese and aluminum A. Ghosh, A.K. Bagaria and Brahma Deo, International Symposium on Modern Developments in Steelmaking, Jamshedpur , 1981, Published by IIM, Calcutta , 811-817.

  11. Theoretical and laboratory studies of injection phenomena D.G.C. Robertson, S. Ohguchi, Brahma Deo and A. Willis, Published in Scaninject III, June, 1983, Lulea , Published by SCANINJECT, Sweden , 8:1-8:47.

  12. Simultaneous desulphurization and dephosphorisation of molten pig iron S. Ohguchi, D.G.C. Robertson, Brahma Deo, P. Grieveson and J.H.E. Jeffes, Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 11 (1984) 2O2-213.

  13. Multicomponent mixed transport control theory for the kinetics of coupled slag-metal and slag-metal-gas reactions D.G.C.Robertson, Brahma Deo and S.Ohguchi, Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 11 (1984) 41-56.

  14. Production of semi-killed steels with controlled porosity Brahma Deo, A.K. Bagaria and A. Ghosh, Trans. IIM, 38 (1985) 49-56.

  15. Continuous desulphurization in SIMSET reactor B.Deo and P. Grieveson, Proceedings of 5th International Iron and Steel Congress, April 6-9, 1986 , Washington D.C. , Published by TMS-AIME, 481-491.

  16. Ladle Metallurgy Principles and Practices, R.J.Fruehan, TMS-AIME Publication, U.S.A. 1986 (contributed a chapter on :Theoretical and laboratory studies on injection phenomena, co-authors: S. Ohguchi and D.G.C. Robertson), 67-78.

  17. Kinetics of desulphurization of molten pig iron B.Deo and P. Grieveson, Steel Research, 57 (1986) 514-519.

  18. Materials optimization in arc furnace steelmaking B.Deo and R.K. Sandhir, Trans. IIM, 40 (1987) 281-283.

  19. Morphological changes in reduction of magnetite compacts R.K. Dube and B.Deo, Steel Research, 58 (1987) 395-398.

  20. Mathematical model for computer simulation and control of steelmaking Brahma Deo, P. Ranjan and A. Kumar, Steel Research, 58 (1987) 427-431

  21. Cold model study of the effects of blowing regime on refractory wear in top blown converters Brahma Deo, R.K. Mishra, Trans. IIM, 41 (1988) 57-63.

  22. Models for predicting sulfur and phosphorous distribution ratios in oxygen steelmaking Brahma Deo, P.K. Bose and K.K. Mehrotra, Trans. IIM, 41 (1988) 475-479.

  23. Desulphurization of molten pig iron containing aluminum by powder injection. Brahma Deo and P.Grieveson, Steel Research, 59 (1988) 263-268.

  24. Assessment of equilibrium constants and interaction parameters in liquid Fe-C-O alloys Brahma Deo, Trans. IIM, 41 (1988) 237-246.

  25. Heat transfer consideration in design of lances for submerged gas injection in liquid metals Brahma Deo and Deepak Gupta, Trans. IIM, 41 (1988) 169-175.

  26. Efficacy of use of oxygen probes for deoxidation studies in oxygen steelmaking Brahma Deo , U.K. Banerjee and Om Prakash, Trans. IIM, 41 (1988) 231-236.

  27. Some observations on the use of exotic diluents for hot metal desulphurization Brahma Deo, Trans. IIM, 41 (1988) 99-1O1.

  28. Morphological changes during hydrogen reduction of magnetite into sponge iron powder R.K. Dube and B.Deo, Paper No.A2O5, Proc. International Powder Metallurgy Conference, June 5-1O, 1988, Orlando , Florida (invited contribution), 1-12

  29. Desulphurization of high silicon molten pig iron with lime based fluxes Brahma Deo, Trans. IIM, 41 (1988) 6O1-6O9.

  30. Heat losses and their impact on the thermal performance of oxygen steelmaking converters in India Brahma Deo and R.A. Narain, Trans. IIM, 41 (1988) 593-599.

  31. Formation and growth of iron, nickel and copper nuclei during gaseous reduction of their oxides Brahma Deo, S. Chatterjee and R.K. Dube, Steel Research, 59 (1988) 532-536.

  32. The application of models for slag formation in basic oxygen steelmaking R. Boom, B.Deo, W. van der Knoop, F. Mensonides and G. van Unen, Proc. of Third International Conference on Metallurgical Slags and Fluxes, University of Strathclyde , 27-29 June 1988, Published by The Institute of Metals , London , 273-276.

  33. Segregation of alloying elements in steel and their influence on blow hole formation Brahma Deo and A.K. Malhotra, Trans. IIM, 42 (1989) 355-362.

  34. Modeling of basic oxygen furnace, Brahma Deo, Proc. of Seminar on modeling, Optimization and advanced control techniques for process plants, Appropriate automation promotion program, New Delhi , 27-28 Nov, 1989, Published by Department of Electronics, 1-24 (invited contribution)

  35. Fluid flow and mass transfer in simultaneous mixing separation and teeming (SIMSET) reactor Brahma Deo, Sarabjit Singh and Piyush Chandra, Steel Research, 60 (1989) 12-18.

  36. Heat transfer analysis of lance skulling in oxygen steel- making converters. Brahma Deo and R.A. Narain, Trans. IIM, 42 (1989) 65-68.

  37. Formation of porous magnetite in the initial stages of solid state reduction of hematite by metallic iron Brahma Deo, R.K. Dube and S. Chatterjee, ISIJ Int., 29 (1989) 345-347.

  38. Kinetics and morphological aspects of ore dissolution and reduction in oxygen steelmaking converters G.van Unen, A.B. Snoeijer W.van der Knoop, Brahma Deo and R. Boom, 3rd International Oxygen Steelmaking Congress 15-17 May, 199O, Published by The Institute of Metals , London , 14O-148.

  39. Morphological changes during short-time gaseous reduction of hematite and magnetite B.Deo R.K. Dube and R.Boom, Proc. 6th Int. Iron and Steel Cong. 199O, Vol.1, Published by Iron and Steel Institute of Japan , Tokyo , 45-49.

  40. Theoretical considerations on the fragmentation of magnetite formed during gaseous reduction of hematite B.Deo and R. Boom, ISIJ Int., 30 (199O) 338-34O.

  41. An investigation on production of semi-killed steel ingots with controlled porosity T. K-Tharian, A.L.Kundu, B.Deo and A.Ghosh, Trans. Ind. Inst. Metals, 43 (1990) 190-200.

  42. Tundish metallurgy- s solution or limitation to clean steel J. van deer Stel, M.C.M.Cornellison, B.Deo and R.Boom, Tundish Metallurgy, Vol II, AIME, 1990

  43. Experimental and theoretical investigations of complete mixing time and circulation rate in Hoogovens' 31st RH-OB unit G.Abbel, R.Boom and B.Deo, Proc. of 5th International Conf. for Licensees of R.H.-OB process, 2O-23, 1991, Ontario , Canada , 1-7 (invited contribution)

  44. Kinetics of permanent and transitory reactions during desulphurization in 300 ton torpedoes at Hoogovens IJmuiden R.A.V. Jongejans, B.Deo, G. van Unen, R. Boom, Proc. Int.Steel Ninetees symposium, Jamshedpur , 1991, Published by IIM, Calcutta , 3-10.

  45. Problems and prospects of particulate emission control in secondary steel industry B.Deo, Proc. Environmental pollution and control in steel industry, Aug. 21-23, New Delhi 1991, Published by Steel Research Centre, Lucknow , 1-6 (invited contribution).

  46. Kinetics and morphological aspects of dissolution and reduction of sintered hematite pellets in oxygen steelmaking converters J.B.A. Kobeson, G.van Unen, A.B. Snoeijer, B.Deo and R.Boom, Rev.de Metallurgy-CIT, September (1992) 763-771.

  47. A dynamic slag-droplet model for the steelmaking process W. van der Knoop, B.Deo, A.B. Snoeijer, G. van Unen and R. Boom, Iron and Steel Institute of Japan , 4th International Conference on molten slags and fluxes, 1992, Sendai , Proc. Trans. Iron and Steel Institute of Japan , Tokyo , Japan , 302-307.

  48. Jet-droplet decarburization during oxygen injection P.Thapaliyal, K.Narayanswami and B.Deo, Energy Management in Mini Steel Mills- Proc. Workshop organized by India-European Communities Programme.New Delhi, January 28-29, 1993 , Published by Steel Research and Information Centre, Lucknow , 8-12 (invited contribution)

  49. Neural nets to the aid of steelmaking industries B.Deo, Energy Management in mini steel mills- Workshop organized by India-European Communities Programme, New Delhi January 28- 29, 1993, Published by Steel Research and Information Centre, Lucknow , 13-16 (invited contribution).

  50. Thermo-physical and kinetic considerations in the selection of

    tundish fluxes J. van der Stel, R.Boom and B.Deo, 76 th Steel making Conference, Iron and Steel Society, Dallas , March 28-31 1993 , Published by TMS-AIME, 1-28.

  51. Developments in bath agitation process at Hoogovens IJmuiden G. van Unen, R. Boom, B. Deo and P. Mink, Prc. of 1st European Oxygen Steelmaking Congress, Dusseldorf , Germany , June 21-23, 1993, Published by VDEH, Dusseldorf, Germany, 65-70.

  52. Genetic adaptive search model of hot metal desulphurization R. Rastogi, K.Deb, B. Deo and R. Boom,Steel Research, 65(1994) 472-478.

  53. Adaptive neural net (ANN) models for desulphurization of hot metal and steel Part 1:Back propagation algorithm A. Datta, M. Hareesh, P.K. Kalra, B. Deo and R. Boom, Steel Research, 65(1994) 466-471.

  54. Optimization of back propagation algorithm and genetic adaptive search assisted ANN models Brahma Deo, A. Datta, Basant Kukreja, K.Deb and R. Rastogi Steel Research, 65 (1994) 528-533.

  55. Kinetic model for reduction of iron oxide in molten slags by iron carbon melt A. Paul, Brahma Deo and N.Sathyamurthi, Steel Research, 65 (1994)414-420.

  56. Cell model for calculation of activities in binary oxide systems A.Tewari and Brahma Deo, ISIJ Int. 35(1995) 1141-1144.

  57. Prediction of coke rate in blast furnaces with artificial neural nets H.Singh and B.Deo, Iron and Steel Maker, Oct. 1995, 85-92.

  58. Theoretical and practical aspects of desulphurization in 400 ton torpedos B.Deo, S.Gandhi, R.Rastogi, G. van Unen and R. Boom, Trans. IIM, 48(1995) 441-446.

  59. Prediction of AE3 temperature of steel with artificial neural nets and genetic adaptive search B.Deo A.Gupta, B.V.S.Girish and A.K.Jena, 37th Mechanical Working and Steel Processing Conference, Iron and Steel Society, Oct. 22-25, Hamilton , Ontario , 1995, 565-577.

  60. Metal phase mass transfer and kinetic model of decarburization of RH process B. Deo and S. Gupta , Steel Research, 66(1996) 7-11.

  61. Characterization of slag-metal-droplet-gas emulsion in oxygen steelmaking converters Brahma Deo, A. Karamchetty, A. Paul, P.K.Singh and R.P.Chhabra, ISIJ Int. 36(1996) 658-666.

  62. Kinetic model versus ANN model for prediction of decarburization in vacuum circulation process Brahma Deo, Proc. Transport phenomena in metallurgical processes, NML Jamshedpur , 1996, 50-58.

  63. Artificial neural nets for prediction of silicon content of blast furnace hot metal H.Singh, N.V.Sridhar and B.Deo Steel Research, 67(1996)521-527

  64. Interference of scrap dissolution and slag foaming with converter operation B.Deo, M.Gupta, P.Misra and R.P.Chhabra: Proc. 2nd European Oxygen Steelmaking Congress, Taranto , Italy (1997) 377-386

  65. Optimal operating conditions of the primary end of an integrated steel plant: genetic adaptive search versus classical techniques B.Deo, K.Deb, S.Jha, V. Sudhakar and N.V.Sridhar: ISIJ Int. 38(1998) 98-105.

  66. Application of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques for prediction of AE 3 temperature of low and medium carbon alloy steels Brahma Deo, A.Gupta, B.V.S.Girish and A.K.Jena, Metals Materials and Processes 10 (1998)323-338

  67. Dynamic model of slag foaming in oxygen steelmaking converters P.Misra, B.Deo and R.P.Chhabra, ISIJ Int. 38 (1998) 1225-1232

  68. Prediction of silicon content of blast furnace hot metal using fuzzy-GA regression Genetic Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO)AAAI, Orlando , USA , July 13-17 (1999) 1685-1690

  69. Optimization of decarburization models of BOF using evolutionary techniques A.Mohan, C. Gopikrishna, A.Sateesh Kumar, Brahma Deo 2nd International Congress on Science and Technology of Steelmaking, April 10-11 2001 University of Wales , Swansea , UK

  70. Theoretical and practical aspects of calcium dissolution in liquid steel W. Tiekink, G. Bouma, W. van der Koop, M. Lee, R. Boertje, R. Kooter and Brahma Deo 2nd International Congress on Science and Technology of Steelmaking, April

  71. Theoretical and practical aspects of dissolution of MgO-C refractory in BOF steelmaking Brahma Deo, Nitin Singh, Asheesh Kumar and M.N.Mungole Proc. National Seminar (organized by Indian Institute of Metals) on Refractory Management in Steelmaking, Feb. 1-2, 2002 , Visakhapatnam , pp. 4.1-4.26

  72. Optimization of end point control in BOF through AI techniques Brahma Deo, Proc. International Conf. on advances in materials and Materials Processing, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Feb. 1-3 2002, Kharagpur.

  73. B.Deo,N. Singh, A.Kumar,S. Halder, K. Srinivas, P.Nageshwar Rao, S.K.Bhattacharya, S.Jayaraman and YSS Rao
    Theoretical and practical aspects of refractory wear in BOF vessels Proceedings of Mills Symposium Aug. 21-22, 2002 , Imperial College of Science and Technology, London , U.K. pp. 349-357

  74. B.Deo, J.Halder, N.Gupta, D.Fuloria, Kumar, D. Das, S.Das, A.Shankar, S. Basu, R.K.Jha and A.Sarkar
    Production of low phosphorus steel with high phosphorus hot metal at TATA steel Proc. ASEA Steel Int. 2003, April 9-12 2003 , pp. 2.4.1-2.4.10

  75. B.Deo, G.K.Gupta and N.Gupta
    Theoretical and practical aspects of scrap dissolution oxygen steel making converters Proc. ASEA Steel Int. 2003, April 9-12 2003, pp. 4.1.1-4.1.10

  76. E.Graveland-Gisolf, P.Mink, A.Overbosch, R.Boom, G.De Gendt, B.Deo
    Slag droplet model, a dynamic tool to simulate and optimize the refining conditions in BOF Steel Research International, Vol. 74 (2003) pp. 125-130

  77. W.Tiekink, R. Boertje, R.kooter and B.Deo
    Aspects of cored wire injection into steel, Proceedings of Iron and Steel Society Technlogy, International Conference, Indiana Polis April 27-30, 2003, pp. 1-8.

  78. Brahma Deo and Vivek Srivastava
    Process control and optimization of AOD process using genetic algorithm Materials and Manufacturing Processes Vol. 18, No. 3, 2003, pp. 399-405.

  79. Brahma Deo
    Neural Nets to the Aid of Steelmaking Industries, Int. Conf. on Fuzzy Logic in Artificial Intelligence, Linz, June 28 - 30, 1993

  80. R.Saraswat, A.B.Fox, K.C.Mills, P.D.Lee, B.Deo
    The factors affecting powder consumption of mould fluxes, Scand. J. Met., Vol. 33, 2004, pp. 85-91.

  81. Guneet Sethi, A.K.Shukla, Brahma Deo,
    Theoretical Aspects of Scrap Dissolution in Oxygen Steelmaking Converters AISI Tech. 2004 Iron & Steel Technology Conference and Exposition Sept. 15 – 17, 2004, Nashville, Tenn. (paper accepted)

  82. Sarthak Havelia, M.Malathi, and Brahma Deo,
    Heat Transfer Analysis of Lance Skulling in Top Blown Oxygen Steel Making Converters”, International Symposium of Research Students on Material Science and Engineering, December 20-22, 2004, Chennai, India.

  83. B.Deo, R.K.Lingamaneni, A.Dey and R.Boom.
    Strategies for development of process control models for hot metal desulphurization: Conventional and AI technique Materials and Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 20, 2005pp. 407-419

  84. B Deo, J.Jalder, B.Snoeijer. A.Overbosch and R.Boom
    Effect of MgO and Al2O3 variations in oxygen steelmaking (BOF) on slag morphology and phosphorus distribution Ironmaking and steelmaking Vol. 32, 2005, pp. 54-60.

  85. Satish Kumar and Brahma Deo
    Artificial neural nets, genetic algorithms and multiple linear regression as complementary modeling techniques in oxygen steelmaking, Int. Conf. on Neural Network and Genetic Algorithm in Materials Science and Engineering, Jan. 11-13, 2006, Ed. BESU, Shibpur, India

  86. W.Tiekink,B.Santillana, R. KKooter, F. Mesonides, B.Deo, R. Boom
    Calcium: tool, toy or trouble, Proc. AIST, 2006, Vol II pp. 395-403

  87. B.Deo, Pramod Kumar Gupta, M. Malathi, P.Koopmans, A.Overbosch, R.Boom,
    Theoretitcal and Practical Aspects of Lime Dissolution in Laboratory Experiments and in BOF”,5th Eurpoean Oxygen Steelmaking Congress 26-28 June 2006”, Steel Institute VDEH, pp. 202-209.

  88. Madhurai Malathi, Ajay Kumar Shukla, Nishant Singh, Brahma Deo, Rob Boom,
    Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Lance Skulling and Slag Formation in BOF Vessels, This Paper was presented at the international conference AISTECH-2007, May 7–10, 2007, Indianapolis Convention Center, Indianapolis, USA.

  89. Production of Low Phosphorus Steels and Ensuring Direct Tap Practices for the BOF Steelmaking Process, The fourth International Congress on the Science and xTechnology of Steelmaking; October 6-8, 2008, Gifu, Japan, pp. 598-601

  90. W.Tiekink,B.Santillana, R. KKooter, F. Mesonides, B.Deo, R.
    Boom Calcium: tool, toy or trouble, Iron and Steel Technology, 2008, July 2009.

  91. Rob Boom and Brahma Deo
    Modelling Steelmaking Refining:Will Steelmakirs Reach Full Process Control, The fourth International Congress on the Science and Technology of Steelmaking; October 6-8, 2008, Gifu, Japan, pp. 1-6

  92. Ajay Kumar Shukla, Brahma Deo, Stuart Millman, Bert Snoeijer, Aart Overbosch and Abha Kapilashrami
    An Insight into the Mechanism and Kinetics of reactions in BOF Steelmaking, Advances in the Theory of Iron and Steelmaking (ATIS 2009), G.S.Gupta, and Roody Loolchund (Ed). Allied Publishers, pp. 240-247.; also in Steel Research International, 81(2010) pp. 940-948.

  93. Ajay Kumar Shukla R Dimitry, O Volkova, P.R.Scheller, and B.Deo
    Cold Model Investigations of Melting of Ice in a Gas-Stirred Vessel Shukla, Ajay Kumar; Dmitry, Ryabov; Volkova, Olena; Scheller, Piotr R.; Deo, Brahma Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp. (2011) 224-235

  94. Brahma Deo, Ajay Kumar Shukla
    Models for oxygen steelmaking process: theoretical analysis versus practical trends, 5th International Conference on Science and technology of steelmaking, Oct. 1-3, 2012, Dresden Germany

  95. Brahma Deo, Aart Overbosch, Bert Snoeijer Debasis Das, Karumanchi Srinivas
    Technical paper 2712, Trans IIM, published on-line July 4, 2013, to be assigned to October 2013 issue.

  96. Ajay Kumar Shukla, Brahma Deo and D.G.C.Robertson
    The role of air gap in dissolution process, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, published on-line July 23, 2013

  97. Ajay Kumar Shukla, Brahma Deo and D.G.C.Robertson
    Scrap dissolution in molten iron containing carbon for the case of coupled heat and mass transfer, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, published on-line July 09, 2013

  98. Brahma Deo and Satish Kumar
    Dynamic on-line control of stainless steel making in AOD, Advanced Materials Research, 794(2013) pp. 50-62.

















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